ANTI ARRACK MOVEMENT PDF

Mekora These probably inspired women to fight for their rights. The women of Medepalli could shut down the liquor shops in the village but those in Mudigonda village, a kilometer away, remained open. Skip to main content. The manufacture of liquor became illegal and punishable with conviction and fines upto Rupees One lakh. A literature survey has been used to write this essay.

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Women have been in the forefront of movements against liquor-related social evils. Women in Patad village in Uttar Pradesh launched an anti-liquor movement. Drunken brawls were common and an environment of intoxication prevailed. Women were finding it difficult to board buses, wash clothes in the pond, and move around freely in the village. With the support of a voluntary organization, Disha, the women of the village launched a three-month long agitation, which ultimately forced the administration to order the closure of the liquor shop.

As a result of the Green Revolution, sugar cane cultivation increased in India leading to an increase in sugar production and its byproduct, molasses. The molasses is diverted to making arrack. The people of Andhra Pradesh had been struggling against the sale of arrack or local liquor, which was being backed by a number of governments over a period of time. The income generated from the production and sale of arrack in the state was too large for the governments to take any steps to stop its production or sale.

Many liquor contractors were closely linked with politicians and there was a close nexus between crime and politics. The anti-arrack movement started in Nellore district in , and quickly spread to other parts of the state. The poor rural women of the district initiated the movement. They were illiterate, exploited by landlords, and targets of domestic and social violence. They suddenly arose in revolt against police officials, government officials, the Home Minister, and, in fact, the Chief Minister himself.

They had a simple demand of no selling and drinking of liquor in the village. This simple demand brought forth an agitation involving thousands of women and spread into the urban areas and turned into a movement.

ADVERTISEMENTS: The contractors spend the money earned from liquor sales in maintaining hired gangs of muscle men to maintain their monopoly in liquor trade, to pay bribes to police and excise officials and to invest in real estate, building construction, finance, films, and politics.

In fact, many of the liquor contractors are present day politicians and there is a close nexus between crime and politics. Arrack shops in the village were at a distance from the village. People had to go to the sara or liquor compound to have a drink. This was usually done in the evenings after they finished their daily labor.

The Varun Vahini Program ensured that the arrack was packaged into sachets and brought into the village, at the very door step of the villager. A person could drink throughout the day in the confines of his house. As time passed, this drinking increased in quantity, and men started drinking more and more.

This affected the family as well as the economy. Women had to face the brunt of violence emerging from being inebriated. In many districts, women decided enough was enough. Women spoke to other women who faced the torment of drunken abuse, and with the support of the District Collector and the sarpanch, started an anti-arrack movement. Another factor that motivated women to start the movement was the death of a number of villagers due to imbibing illicit brews.

The police helped them by arresting some of the hooch makers and seizing the ration cards of others. The cards were returned only when they promised to quit the profession. The women of Medepalli could shut down the liquor shops in the village but those in Mudigonda village, a kilometer away, remained open. Men from Medepalli would sneak into watering holes in Mudigonda and return inebriated.

Undeterred, the women would wait at the entrance, force them to sit down and give them an earful. Soon the men stopped going to Mudigonda, and gradually even stopped imbibing arrack.

Women thus succeeded in their efforts to make the men give up drinking arrack. The anti-arrack movement had its basis in a number of factors. Women were enthusiastic participants in the program.

The government-imposed a ban on sale of liquor in the state, and prohibition was imposed. In , Kerala also imposed ban on liquor within the state. Related Articles:.

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Anti Arrack Movement

Women have been in the forefront of movements against liquor-related social evils. Women in Patad village in Uttar Pradesh launched an anti-liquor movement. Drunken brawls were common and an environment of intoxication prevailed. Women were finding it difficult to board buses, wash clothes in the pond, and move around freely in the village. With the support of a voluntary organization, Disha, the women of the village launched a three-month long agitation, which ultimately forced the administration to order the closure of the liquor shop. As a result of the Green Revolution, sugar cane cultivation increased in India leading to an increase in sugar production and its byproduct, molasses. The molasses is diverted to making arrack.

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