Shelves: anthropology This is a classic work in Anthropology, where he laid out his classification or rites, rites of separation pre-liminal , rites of transition liminal , and rites of incorporation post-liminal. This would be greatly expanded on by Victor Turner. The text only ever touches upon the concepts, and uses a variety of examples only in passing, but the general concept of said rites--articulated through the process of separation, transition, and incorporation--are still considered today and paved the way for future anthropologists and mythologists to ground their work. Rather archaic, but fundamental in its foundations. Separation, transition, and incorporation In his terms; pre-liminal, liminal, and post liminal.
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Liminality - Rites of Passage - Arnold Van Gennep Arnold Van Gennep Van Gennep , who invented the term liminality, published in his Rites de Passage , a work that is essential to the development of the concept of liminality in the context of rituals in small-scale societies. Van Gennep began his book by identifying the various categories of rites.
He distinguished between those that result in a change of status for an individual or social group, and those that signify transitions in the passage of time.
Two characteristics are essential to these rites. The destructive nature of this rite allows for considerable changes to be made to the identity of the initiand. Van Gennep considered rites of initiation to be the most typical rite. In such rites of passage, the experience is highly structured. By constructing this three-part sequence, van Gennep identified a pattern he believed was inherent in all ritual passages.
An anthropological ritual, especially a rite of passage, involves some change to the participants, especially their social status. Their status thus becomes liminal.
Arnold van Gennep
In addition, all these groups break down into still smaller societies in subgroups. Van Gennep uses the metaphor, "as a kind of house divided into rooms and corridors. Van Gennep further distinguishes between "the secular" and "the sacred sphere. Passage between these groups requires a ceremony , or ritual hence rite of passage. He refuses credit for being the first to recognize type of rites. In the work he concentrates on groups and rites individuals might normally encounter progressively: pregnancy, childbirth, initiation, betrothal, marriage, funerals and the like.
Liminality - Rites of Passage - Arnold Van Gennep
Rite of passage