One of the recovered Zen texts was a seven-piece collection, the Bodhidharma Anthology. Of the numerous texts attributed to Bodhidharma, this anthology is the only one generally believed to contain authentic Bodhidharma material. Jeffrey L. Broughton provides a reliable annotated translation of the Bodhidharma Anthology along with a detailed study of its nature, content, and background. His work is especially important for its rendering of the three Records, which contain some of the earliest Zen dialogues and constitute the real beginnings of Zen literature.

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There are two known extant accounts written by contemporaries of Bodhidharma. Altishahr or the Tarim Basin in southern Xinjiang. Sometimes it was used more generally to refer to other regions to the west of China as well, such as the Indian subcontinent as in the novel Journey to the West. A fresco from the Bezeklik , dated to the 9th or 10th century; although Albert von Le Coq assumed the red-haired monk was a Tocharian , [20] modern scholarship has identified similar Caucasian figures of the same cave temple No.

He exclaimed: "Truly this is the work of spirits. There is virtually no country I have not visited. Even the distant Buddha-realms lack this. This may have played a role in his subsequent association with the martial arts and esoteric knowledge. He was the third son of a great Indian king. From there he turned north and came to the Kingdom of Wei" [8] This implies that Bodhidharma had travelled to China by sea and that he had crossed over the Yangtze.

Bodhidharma, he writes, died at the banks of the Luo River , where he was interred by his disciple Dazu Huike, possibly in a cave. According to the Anthology of the Patriarchal Hall, Bodhidharma left the Liang court in and relocated to Mount Song near Luoyang and the Shaolin Monastery, where he "faced a wall for nine years, not speaking for the entire time", [30] his date of death can have been no earlier than Moreover, his encounter with the Wei official indicates a date of death no later than , three years before the fall of the Western Wei.

An Indian tradition regards Bodhidharma to be the third son of a Pallava king from Kanchipuram. Good deeds done with worldly intent bring good karma, but no merit.

Nine years of wall-gazing Dazu Huike offering his arm to Bodhidharma. After either being refused entry or being ejected after a short time, he lived in a nearby cave, where he "faced a wall for nine years, not speaking for the entire time". In one version of the story, he is said to have fallen asleep seven years into his nine years of wall-gazing. Becoming angry with himself, he cut off his eyelids to prevent it from happening again.

However, other versions report that he "passed away, seated upright"; [30] or that he disappeared, leaving behind the Yijin Jing ; [36] or that his legs atrophied after nine years of sitting, [37] which is why Daruma dolls have no legs. Huike cuts off his arm In one legend, Bodhidharma refused to resume teaching until his would-be student, Dazu Huike , who had kept vigil for weeks in the deep snow outside of the monastery, cut off his own left arm to demonstrate sincerity.

This is the function of the Tao. Seen once, it need not be seen again. The five skandhas are without actual existence. Not a single dharma can be grasped. Bodhidharma said, "You have attained my marrow. Bodhidharma at Shaolin See also: Patron Saint of Shaolin monastery Some Chinese myths and legends describe Bodhidharma as being disturbed by the poor physical shape of the Shaolin monks, [42] after which he instructed them in techniques to maintain their physical condition as well as teaching meditation.

Copies and translations of the Yijin Jing survive to the modern day. The Xisui Jing has been lost. In his travels through the region, Bodhidharma is said to have transmitted his knowledge of the Mahayana doctrine and the martial arts. Malay legend holds that he introduced forms to silat. When asked why he was holding his shoe, Bodhidharma answered "You will know when you reach Shaolin monastery.

At Shaolin Monastery, the monks informed them that Bodhidharma was dead and had been buried in a hill behind the temple. The grave was exhumed and was found to contain a single shoe. The monks then said "Master has gone back home" and prostrated three times: "For nine years he had remained and nobody knew him; Carrying a shoe in hand he went home quietly, without ceremony. In the Two Entrances and Four Acts, traditionally attributed to Bodhidharma, the term "wall-gazing" is given as follows: Those who turn from delusion back to reality, who meditate on walls, the absence of self and other, the oneness of mortal and sage, and who remain unmoved even by scriptures are in complete and unspoken agreement with reason".

The latter interpretation is particularly common among those working from a Chan standpoint. If you rely on it to practice, you will be able to cross over the world. Words are not known in all the Buddha-lands; words, Mahamati, are an artificial creation. In some Buddha-lands ideas are indicated by looking steadily, in others by gestures, in still others by a frown, by the movement of the eyes, by laughing, by yawning, or by the clearing of the throat, or by recollection, or by trembling.

The epitaph gives a line of descent identifying Bodhidharma as the first patriarch. From this genre the typical Chan lineage was developed: These famous biographies were non-sectarian. Historical accuracy was of little concern to the compilers; old legends were repeated, new stories were invented and reiterated until they too became legends.


The Bodhidharma Anthology: The Earliest Records of Zen

JoJonos But once he sees his nature, all doubts vanish. The Buddha is a product of the mind. Whoever sees his nature is a Buddha. None of them are Buddhas.








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