GARCINIA MORELLA PDF

Biomed Pharmacother. Epub Apr Garcinia morella fruit, a promising source of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents induces breast cancer cell death via triggering apoptotic pathway. Electronic address: bhaswatichoudhury ymail. Electronic address: jkotoky gmail. A rapid rise in cancer cases worldwide, especially breast cancer in females, instigates the need for more effective and less side effect causing drugs from natural origin.

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Bark is smooth, and dark brown in color; blaze white. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0. Flowers show inflorescence and are dioecious ; male flowers in fascicles, axillary; female flowers larger than male, solitary, axillary. Uses Ripe fruits can be eaten but they are very acidic.

Just like other garcinia varieties such as kokum which is prevalent in the Indian west coast or garcinia pedunculata , the fruit can be preserved by slicing into thin pieces and then drying under sun.

It can be made into pickles. Bodos cook the unripe fruit as vegetable with fish. A chutney can be made by boiling the fruit. In Assam , dried and preserved slices are added to black green pulses to make a popular slightly acidic curry.

Dried up fruit slices are valued as a traditional remedy for dysentery. It can be used as a rootstock for the mangosteen Garcinia mangostana.

Odduli is prepared by boiling the fruit to get a thick black liquid which can be stored for years without adding preservatives. Its exact origins are unknown due to its widespread cultivation since ancient times, but it is believed to have been somewhere between the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas.

It grows mainly in Southeast Asia, southwest India and other tropical areas such as Colombia, Puerto Rico and Florida, where the tree has been introduced. The fruit of the mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles, with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind exocarp when ripe.

In each fruit, the fragrant edible flesh that surrounds each seed is botanically endocarp, i. Seeds are almond-shaped and -sized. Garcinia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Clusiaceae native to Asia, America, Australia, tropical and southern Africa, and Polynesia. The number of species is disputed; the Kew Gardens recognise up to Commonly, the plants in this genus are called saptrees, mangosteens, garcinias, or monkey fruit.

The jackfruit, also known as jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family Moraceae. Its origin is in the region between the Western Ghats of southern India and the rainforests of Malaysia.

Cinnamomum is a genus of evergreen aromatic trees and shrubs belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae. The species of Cinnamomum have aromatic oils in their leaves and bark. The genus includes a great number of economically important trees. Garcinia gummi-gutta is a tropical species of Garcinia native to Indonesia. Common names include Garcinia cambogia, as well as brindleberry, Malabar tamarind, and kudam puli. The fruit looks like a small pumpkin and is green to pale yellow in color.

Gamboge is a partially transparent deep saffron to mustard yellow pigment. It was this pigment that was used to prove Brownian motion by the physicist Jean Perrin in Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date, ber, Chinee apple, jujube, Indian plum, Regi pandu, Indian jujube, dunks and masau, is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. Spondias mombin, also known as yellow mombin or hog plum is a species of tree and flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae.

It is native to the tropical Americas, including the West Indies. The tree was introduced by the Portuguese in South Asia in the beginning of the 17th century. It is rarely cultivated except in parts of the Brazilian Northeast.

Terminalia chebula, commonly known as black- or chebulic myrobalan, is a species of Terminalia, native to South Asia from India and Nepal east to southwest China Yunnan , and south to Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Vietnam. Garcinia dulcis also called mundu, rata, maphuut, or taklang-anak is a tropical fruit tree. It is also found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The tree is harvested from the wild as a local source of food, medicine or dyeing material and is sometimes cultivated for its fruit, which is occasionally sold locally.

Garcinia dulcis is not grown commercially. Garcinia atroviridis, known as asam gelugur, asam gelugo, or asam keping is a large rainforest tree native to Peninsular Malaysia. This species grows wild throughout Peninsular Malaysia but is also widely cultivated, especially in the northern states, owing to its economic and medicinal value. Garcinia is a large perennial plant commonly found in evergreen forests in the southern region of Thailand and Malaysia.

A xanthonoid is a chemical natural phenolic compound formed from the xanthone backbone. Many members of the Clusiaceae contain xanthonoids.

Garcinia hanburyi is a plant species in the genus Garcinia, the gamboge trees. Gambogic acid is a xanthonoid that is derived from the brownish or orange resin from Garcinia hanburyi.

Garcinia hanburyi is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree with smooth grey bark. It is native to Cambodia, southern Vietnam, and Thailand and has been successfully introduced in Singapore.

Some of its uses in herbal medicine have been scientifically validated. Diospyros atrata, is a tree in the Ebony family. The tree is endemic to the south-eastern regions of Asia such as parts of Myanmar and north-eastern parts of India. Pilu oil is an extract from seeds of the pilu tree, the meswak tree, and the mustard tree.

Myrica caroliniensis is a shrub or small tree native to the coast and coastal plains of southeastern North America. Its common names include bayberry, southern bayberry, pocosin bayberry, and evergreen bayberry.

It sees uses in the garden and for candlemaking, as well as a medicinal plant. Garcinia xanthochymus, the false mangosteen, gamboge, or yellow mangosteen is a species of mangosteens found from India, southern China, and Japan through Indochina to Peninsular Malaysia at elevations of 0 - meters.

Plants are found growing in humid forests of valleys or on hills.

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Garcinia morella

Used as hydragogue cathartic in draining of fluid elements from the blood, as in dropsy, asthma, pulmonary and cerebral congestion. Also used as vermifuge. Rarely given alone, often combined with calomel, aloes, jalap, rhubarb, etc. Resin traditionally obtained by cutting a palm-sized thin slice of bark, and the resin scraped off when sufficiently dried. In Malabar, Ceylon, Canara and Singapore the following method of extraction is followed: At the beginning of the rainy season a spiral incision is made around the bark of about half the tree trunk, and a piece of bamboo is fixed in place to collect the juice which slowly exudes from the cut for several months, soon becoming viscid and then solid after contact with the air. One tree, as a rule, yields enough sap to fill three internodal segments of bamboo, each 50 centimeters long by 3—5 centimeters in diameter. Some compounds were found to exhibit significant cytotoxicity against several cancer cell lines.

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