GLUBB PASHA PDF

Glubb Pasha and the Arab Legion Two 6-pounder cannons, which had been painfully hauled up to the ramparts of Old Jerusalem, were situated on the imposing Notre Dame Hospice. It was May 23, , and at noon the Arab Legion would launch its long-anticipated attack on the handful of Jewish defenders blocking their entry into West Jerusalem. John Bagot Glubb—Glubb Pasha to his men and his liege, King Abdullah of Trans-Jordan—believed his small army was better suited for the sands of the desert than the dark passages and densely packed stone buildings of the ancient city. Ever the soldier, John Glubb knew how to obey orders. Born in Preston, Lancashire, on April 16, , Glubb was the son of an army officer and himself a graduate of the Royal Military Academy. He served in France during World War I.

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He was seriously wounded on the Western front, his jaw being shattered. In later years this would lead to the Arab nickname of abu Hunaik, meaning "the one with the little jaw. He became an officer of the Arab Legion in The next year he formed the Desert Patrol — a force consisting exclusively of Bedouin — to curb the raiding problem that plagued the southern part of the country. Within a few years he had persuaded the Bedouin to abandon their habit of raiding neighbouring tribes.

In , Glubb succeeded Frederick G. During this period, he transformed the legion into the best trained force in the Arab world. Arab nationalists believed that he had been the force behind pressure that made King Hussein I of Jordan join the Baghdad Pact. Glubb served different high positions in the Arab Legion, the army of Transjordan.

Despite some negotiation and understanding between the Jewish Agency and King Abdullah , severe fighting took place in Kfar Etzion , Jerusalem and Latrun. According to Avi Shlaim , Rumours that Abdullah was once again in contact with the Jewish leaders further damaged his standing in the Arab world. His many critics suggested that he was prepared to compromise the Arab claim to the whole of Palestine as long as he could acquire part of Palestine for himself.

Azzam Pasha , the mufti and the Syrian government would sooner see the Jews get the whole of Palestine than that King Abdullah should benefit. Glubb remained in charge of the defence of the West Bank following the armistice in March , and as the commander of the Arab Legion until 1 March , when he was dismissed by King Hussein who wanted to distance himself from the British and disprove the contention of Arab nationalists that Glubb was the actual ruler of Jordan.

Differences between Glubb and Hussein had been apparent since , especially over defence arrangements, the promotion of Arab officers and the funding of the Arab Legion. Despite his decommission, which was forced upon him by public opinion, he remained a close friend of the king. He spent the remainder of his life writing books and articles, mostly on the Middle East and his experiences with the Arabs.

The couple had a son, Godfrey named after the Crusader King Godfrey of Bouillon born in Jerusalem in , and adopted a Bedouin girl in and another daughter and son, his daughter from Palestinian refugees and son named before Atalla from Jordanian Bedouins] in One of his sons died soon after birth, on the same day as Dunkirk see his Memoirs.

Their son, Godfrey, converted to Islam as a young man and took the name of Faris , becoming a prominent journalist and researcher into the Palestinian cause. He was killed in an accident in Kuwait in April Daughter Naomi died in July

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Sir John Bagot Glubb

In later years, this would lead to his Arab nickname of Abu Hunaik, meaning "the one with the little jaw". He was then transferred to Iraq in , which Britain had started governing under a League of Nations Mandate following war, and was posted to Ramadi in "to maintain a rickety floating bridge over the river [Euphrates], carried on boats made of reeds daubed with bitumen ", as he later put it. The next year he formed the Desert Patrol — a force consisting exclusively of Bedouin — to curb the raiding problem that plagued the southern part of the country. Within a few years he had persuaded the Bedouin to abandon their habit of raiding neighbouring tribes.

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John Bagot Glubb

He was seriously wounded on the Western front, his jaw being shattered. In later years this would lead to the Arab nickname of abu Hunaik, meaning "the one with the little jaw. He became an officer of the Arab Legion in The next year he formed the Desert Patrol — a force consisting exclusively of Bedouin — to curb the raiding problem that plagued the southern part of the country. Within a few years he had persuaded the Bedouin to abandon their habit of raiding neighbouring tribes.

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Glubb Pasha and the Arab Legion

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