Harshavardhana Biography Harshavardhana Biography Harshavardhana was an Indian emperor who belonged to Pushibhukti family. At the height of his glory his kingdom spanned the Punjab, West Bengal, Orissa and the entire Indo-Gangetic plain north of the Narmada river. He ascended the throne after his elder brother Rajya Vardhana got murdered by Sasanka, King of Gauda. At this time he was just 16 years of age. After his accession to the throne he merged the two kingdoms of Thanesar and Kannauj and shifted his capital to Kannauj.
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History yrs Animation, Video 2 The downfall of the Gupta Empire in the middle of the sixth century brought about the breakup of the northern Indian kingdom into many small republics and monarchy states. Punjab and parts of central India had been taken over by the Huns regime, however over time, their power weakened as they assimilated with the native population.
He had two sons. The elder son Rajya Vardhana ascended the throne after his father. His younger son was Harshavardhana. Rajya Vardhana was deceived and murdered by King Gauda, at which point a young sixteen year old Harsha swore to take revenge. Harsha waged war against King Gauda and won the battle.
Harsha was consequently crowned the new ruler and he proved to be a great conqueror and administrator. He married off his daughter to Dhruvasena whom he had defeated in Gujarat. King harshavardhana administration King Harshavardhana then moved towards the south only to be stopped by Pulakesi II of Vatapi. Under Harsha the small republics from Punjab to central India were reunited.
Like many kings of that time, Harsha was a true patron of the arts. He supported the Nalanda university with financial grants. He was also an author of repute having penned Sanskrit plays like Nagananda, Ratnavali and Priyadarsika.
He also had a systematic tax structure in place. One fourth of the taxes went towards the administration of his empire. Trade too flourished during his reign. He constructed various stupas in the name of Buddha.
Under him all religions and schools of thought like Jainism and Buddhism enjoyed freedom of expression. Harsha ruled ably for 41 years. However as he had no heirs, the kingdom disintegrated after his demise.
Conquests[ edit ] Wars in the South[ edit ] Vishnuvardhana was the governor over parts of Gangavadi during the rule of his elder brother Veera Ballala I. After ascending the Hoysala throne, his first major conquest was that of the occupied Chola territories of Gangavadi in c. According to the historian Kamath, the disgruntled Chola governor Adigaiman may have helped Vishnuvardhana in his conquest. The Chamarajanagara inscription gives details that his armies crossed the Nila mountains and proclaims him the "master of Kerala". According to the historians Chopra, Ravindran and Subhramanian, other records mention his temporary stay in Kanchi after his victories over the Cholas. Vishnuvardhana was responsible in part for the disruption to the Chola empire.
He was the second son of king of Sthanvishvara modern day Thaneswar — Prabhakaravardhana. The capital city of Maukhari was Kannauj. The ruler of Malava Kingdom however murdered Grahavarmana and captured Rajyashri. To avenge the death of Grahavarmana and rescue his sister Rajyashri, Rajyavardhana marched on Malava with his army, defeated the ruler of Malava and rescued Rajyashri.
Origins[ edit ] Palace ruins at "Harsh ka tila" mound area spread over 1 km After the downfall of the Gupta Empire in the middle of the 6th century, North India was split into several independent kingdoms. The northern and western regions of India passed into the hands of a dozen or more feudatory states. Prabhakara Vardhana, the ruler of Sthanvisvara, who belonged to the Vardhana family, extended his control over neighbouring states. Prabhakar Vardhana was the first king of the Vardhana dynasty with his capital at Thaneswar. This period of kings from the same line has been referred to as the Vardhana dynasty in many publications.